ROBOT FRAMEWORK AUTOMATION TEST
By Linh Tran |9 May 2022
With today's technological development, the development of a technological device does not simply stop at the application but requires cost optimization. The advent of Robot Framework Testing is regarded as an optimal solution for the testers community without requiring cumbersome implementation or in-depth knowledge of programming. It not only helps to solve the technical problems and ensure the safety for the technical device but spontaneously reduces significant amounts of operation and manufacturing cost.
Table of contents
WHAT IS ROBOT FRAMEWORK TEST?
Robot Framework is a generic Python-based automation testing framework used in automated software testing, acceptance testing and acceptance test-driven development (ATDD). Acceptance testing verifies whether a software system meets the user’s needs or client’s requirements before moving the software application to the production environment. The approach for the robot framework automation testing is keyword driven and data-driven methodology. Robot Framework is written in Python but their libraries can be extended in Python and Java.
WHAT IS ROBOT FRAMEWORK ARCHITECTURE?
Test Data: When the test process starts, the test data will be parsed and loaded to Robot Framework.
Robot Framework: In the Robot Framework, it will use the keywords from the test library to interact with the System Under Test.
Test Library: It can communicate directly with the system or use Test Tools as a driver.
System Under Test:The final result is a HTML report and logs along with XML output. Based on these results, testers can have a deep insight of what happened in the system.
WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF ROBOT FRAMEWORK AUTOMATION TEST?
Tabular format for test cases: Robot Framework supports users for writing testing scripts with the tabular format.
Supporting key-word and data-driven testing cases: Robot Framework helps to clarify the process of testing user interfaces with different inputs.
Easy-to-read result reports and logs in HTML format
Data-driven test cases: It allows testers to input a single test script for all test data and after execution of script, the obtained result will be displayed in the same table.
Key-word driven: Robot Framework is keyword-driven, so it has a benefit of seperating high-level description from low-level implementation details.
Test libraries: Robot Framework does not have necessary tools to execute all of automation tests for web applications. Therefore, it is dependent on the support of test libraries, such as: SeleniumLibrary, which is regarded as a powerful library for testers to execute automation tests for web applications. More libraries used in Robot Framework can be found in https://robotframework.org/.
Easy implementation: The superior feature of the Robot framework is no programing requirement. Thus, it allows users with a background in Business or others to be able to carry out the test without any coding knowledge.
Compatibility :Robot Framework is compatible with Linux,, Unix, Windows, macOS.
WHAT ARE THE DISADVANTAGES OF ROBOT FRAMEWORK AUTOMATION TEST?
HTML reports in Robot Framework Automation is difficult to customize.
It is difficult to debug Robot Framework’s errors.
Robot Framework does not provide parallel test execution.
Robot Framework is also difficult to maintain.